|Native American Black Drink - Preparation/Ceremony|
It is speculated that the black drink may have contained emetic herbs in addition to yaupon leaves, since rituals often, but not always, included vomiting. Although the scientific name for yaupon holly, Ilex vomitoria, refers to vomiting, the leaves do not cause vomiting.
Yaupon HollyIlex vomitoria - The plant is the only known indigenous plant to North America that contained caffeine.The Latin name comes from an incorrect belief by Europeans that the plant caused vomiting in certain ceremonies.
|Ilex vomitoria - Yaupon Holly|
Cassina or yaupon teaAfter European contact with tribes in what is today the Southeastern United States, colonists began using the charred leaves of the yaupon holly to make a tea similar to the black drink, but without the ritual of vomiting.
During the Civil War, yaupon tea was used as a substitute for coffee and tea throughout the South.
- Black Drink (Wikipedia)
- Ilex vomitoria (Wikipedia)
- The Forgotten Drink That Caffeinated North America for Centuries
- Cherokee Heritage - Black Drink (PDF)
- Ancient Beverage Promotes Purity, Peace and Friendship (YouTube Video)
- Black Drink: A Native American Tea (Book - Amazon)