Friday, December 18, 2015

American History - YouTube Gems

Gems? There were only a couple that qualified: short and based on map animations.

American History in 60 seconds

Expansion of the United States Map 1763 - Present

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

World History (Empires) - YouTube Gems

Five Great History Animations worthy of special mention.  Four of these listed below feature maps that expand and collapse thru time. The fifth animation uses an “empire sized by circle” approach in which bubbles grow and pop off "children” - Very unusual but the in-depth attention to historical detail is amazing.

Top 10 Largest Empires

Very informative

History Of The Empires

^ Actually just focused on the Mediterranean and Middle East Regions but still informative

The History of the World's Civilizations in 2 Minutes

History of Europe - 6013 years in 3 minutes

Tuesday, December 15, 2015

U.S. Railroads and Interurbans - YouTube Gems

U.S. Railroad History Map 1830 - 1990s

Nicely made short documentary

Why The U.S. Has The Worst Public Transit System

Interurban Railway Systems

Top Notch Investigative Journalism
“creating a whole new mindset... eliminate rail alternatives.. GM hit list”

Monday, December 14, 2015

World Religions - YouTube Gems

Interactive maps are great but sometimes a short video can present the info in a more compelling way. YouTube is chock full of crap but there are gems aplenty as well.

History of Religions

Timeline on bottom is a nice touch

How Religion Spread Around the World

^ Fantastic!

1300 Years of Islamic History in 3 Minutes

^ Very Nicely Done

Saturday, December 12, 2015

Greek History - The Hellenistic Period (Part Two)

The Empire of Alexander The Great

Alexander the Great became the leader of the Greek kingdom of Macedonia and had built an empire that stretched from Greece all the way to India. That brief empire-building campaign changed the world: It spread Greek ideas and culture from the Eastern Mediterranean to Asia.
The Empire of Alexander The Great

“Hellenistic Period” (323 B.C. until 31 B.C)

Known as the “Hellenistic Period”, it lasted from the death of Alexander in 323 B.C. until 31 B.C., when Roman troops conquered the last of the territories that the Macedonian king had once ruled.

Following Alexander's death in 323 BC. His generals Ptolemy, Antigonus, Parmenion, Cassander, and Seleucus engaged in a bitter struggle to carve out personal kingdoms from Alexander's conquests. After 40 years of war, three major dynasties were settled on.
Alexander's Empire was divided amongst his generals

1 - Ptolemaic Empire

Ptolemy controlled Egypt and created a Ptolemaic dynasty that ruled Egypt until its absorption into the Roman Empire by Augustus in 30 B.C.

Ptolemaic Empire in 200 BC

2 - Seleucid Empire

Seleucus created in the Near East a large empire, sometimes stretching as far as Iran and even India.
Seleucid Empire in 200 BC
(before expansion into Anatolia and Greece)

3 - Antigonid Empire

 Finally, in Macedon the Antigonid dynasty ruled the smallest division of Alexander's Empire and had the most troubles from the start. The first founder of the Antigonid Dynasty was Antigonas, who gained control of Asia Minor after Alexander’s death. He attempted to reunite the empire under his own rule and declared himself king, but he was defeated and killed in 301 BC.

After numerous battles with neighboring kingdoms and losses to Seleucus, the Antigonid Dynasty ended up hemorrhaging most of Asia Minor (Anatolia) and was considerably reduced in size.

Thursday, December 10, 2015

Visual Quick Study: Mycenaeans and Ancient Greece (Part One)

Beginnings - The Mycenaeans

The Mycenaeans were the first Greeks. The Mycenaean civilization thrived between 1650 and 1200 BC. The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan civilization, located on the island of Crete.

The catacalysmic eruption of Thera, which occurred around 1500 BC, resulted in the decline of the Minoan civilization of Crete. This turn of events gave the opportunity for the Mycenaeans to spread their influence throughout the Aegean. Around c. 1450 BC, they became the dominant power of the region. gaining control of Crete itself and colonizing several other Aegean islands reaching as far as Rhodes.
Mycenaean City
Mycenaean Map

Ancient Greece City States

Rather than consisting of a single united country or empire, ancient Greece was made up of a number of city-states. Each city-state, or polis, had its own government. At the center of each city-state was a powerful city which ruled the lands surrounding it. Sometimes it also ruled smaller less-powerful cities nearby. Some city states were monarchies ruled by kings or tyrants while others were oligarchies ruled by a few powerful men on councils. The city of Athens invented the government of democracy and was ruled by the people for many years.

The two most powerful and famous city-states were Athens and Sparta.

Areas of Ancient Greek Settlement and Trade

In the first half of the first millennium BCE, Greek city-states, most of which were maritime powers, began to look beyond Greece for land and resources.  Through trade and colonization, they spread the Greek way of life far and wide to Spain, France, Italy, the Adriatic, the Black Sea, and North Africa. In total, the Greeks established some 500 colonies which involved up to 60,000 Greek citizen colonists, so that by 500 BCE these new territories would eventually account for 40% of all Greeks in the Hellenic World.

Peloponnesian War

Increasing tensions and rivalry between Athens and Sparta led to the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world. On the level of international relations, Athens, the strongest city-state in Greece prior to the war's beginning, was reduced to a state of near-complete subjection, while Sparta became established as the leading power of Greece.

The economic costs of the war were felt all across Greece; poverty became widespread in the Peloponnese, while Athens found itself completely devastated and never regained its pre-war prosperity.

The Rise of Macedonia

The rivalry of Athens and Sparta was brought to an end a few decades later when Philip II of Macedon conquered all of Greece except Sparta. 

Although he is often only remembered for being the father of Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedon (reigned 359 BCE - 336 BCE) was an accomplished king and military commander in his own right, setting the stage for his son’s victory over Darius III and the conquest of Persia. Philip inherited a weak, backward country with an ineffective, undisciplined army and molded them into a formidable, efficient military force, eventually subduing the territories around Macedonia as well as subjugating most of Greece. He used bribery, warfare, and threats to secure his kingdom. However, without his insight and determination, history would never have heard of Alexander.
Map of the territory of Philip II of Macedon

At Philip's Death

The Empire of Alexander the Great

Philip's son, Alexander the Great (356–323 BC), managed to briefly extend Macedonian power not only over the central Greek city-states, but also to the Persian empire, including Egypt and lands as far east as present-day Pakistan and the fringes of India.

Alexander helped spread the Greek culture through his vast empire. Although the empire fractured into multiple Hellenic regimes shortly after his death, his conquests left a lasting legacy.

Friday, December 4, 2015

Mapping International and Domestic Terrorism

Terrorism and sabotage seems to occur on an almost daily basis across the world with ever increasing frequency. Terrorist attacks are now sadly part of our contemporary landscape and regarded as a foreseeable yet analyzable business risk.

U.S. Terror History Map

The Investigative Project on Terrorism

Active Global Terrorist Organizations

Map of Islamic Terrorism

Mapping Militant Organizations

Stanford University - The Mapping Militants Project identifies patterns in the evolution of militant organizations in specified conflict areas and seeks to discover the causes and consequences of their evolution.

The plague of global terrorism

The number of deaths from terrorism nearly doubled in 2014

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Democratic and Republican Ideology Shift?

Did You Know?

The Democratic and Republican Parties have undergone a long transition from their founding ideological principles. It’s hard to believe these days but the Democrats started out as the conservative party and the Republicans were once the liberal party!

The Democratic Party we know today evolved from the conservative Democratic-Republican Party of the 1790s. Prior to the Cil War and during the Reconstruction, Republicans elected Abe Lincoln. and were long known as advocates for the abolitions of slavery, etc.

The 1896 Election was the first turning point when tthe country was mired in an economic depression and Democratic Party took a leap of faith to abandon their conservative orthodoxy and nominated  populist William Jennings Bryan. He was the first liberal to win the Democratic Party Presidential nomination. This represented a radical departure from the conservative roots of the Democratic Party.

In response to the nomination of “liberal” Bryan by the Democrats, the Republican Party countered by straying away from its liberal leanings and nominated the moderate-conservative Ohio Governor William McKinley.

In 1912, the Progressive former President Theodore Roosevelt challenged the more conservative incumbent President William Howard Taft for the Republican Party nomination.  Roosevelt, who won nine Republican primaries, bolted the party and formed the Progressive Party, a.k.a. the Bull Moose Party, and won 86 electoral votes in the General Election. Taft won just eight Electoral Votes. The Democratic nominee, New Jersey Governor Woodrow Wilson, mustered 435 Electoral votes and won the Presidential Election in a landslide victory.



Further Info

Saturday, November 21, 2015

Mapped in 3D - America’s Economic Growth

Where U.S. Metro Economies Are Growing or Shrinking

3D Map

Article >

GDP growth increased 2.3% in 2014 as compared with 1.9% growth in 2013. The industry with the highest growth was professional and business services,

Additional Info on the Map >

Sunday, November 15, 2015

Arab Slave Trade

When we think of the enslavement of Africans, most of us connect it with Europeans and the well-known 18th Century triangle of trade:

However for over 900 years, Africans were enslaved by Arabic slave traders. The Arab slave trade originated before Islam and historians estimate that between 650 and the 1960s, 10 to 18 million people were enslaved by Arab slave traders. Slaves were taken from Europe, Asia and Africa across the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, and Sahara desert.

During the ninth century Arab and Swahili traders on the Swahili Coast captured Bantu peoples (Zanj) from the interior in present-day Kenya, Mozambique and Tanzania and brought them to the coast.

Did You Know?
Slavery in the holy city of Mecca would remain until 1966 and in all other Arabic countries until 1990.

Zanj Rebellion

A series of slave uprisings known as the Zanj Rebellion took place between 869 and 883 AD near the city of Basra situated in present-day Iraq. The rebellion grew to involve over 500,000 slaves and free men who were imported from across the Muslim empire and claimed over "tens of thousands of lives in lower Iraq. The Zanj who were taken as slaves to the Middle East were often used in strenuous agricultural work.

Barbary Slave Trade

Arabs also enslaved Europeans. Between 1 million and 1.25 million Europeans were captured between the 16th and 19th centuries by Barbary corsairs, who were vassals of the Ottoman Empire, and sold as slaves. These slaves were captured mainly from seaside villages from Italy, Spain, Portugal and also from more distant places like France or England, the Netherlands, Ireland and even Iceland.

Often referred to as the Barbary slave trade, Barbary pirates raided ships and  and coastal towns and men, women, and children were captured to such a devastating extent that vast numbers of sea coast towns were abandoned. Professor Robert Davis estimates that--from the beginning of the 16th century to the middle of the 18th--1 million to 1.25 million white Christian Europeans were enslaved in North Africa.

Once the New World was "discovered" and settled by white Europeans, the demographics changed. As Native Americans were wiped out and/or driven to extinction (as in the Caribbean islands), European colonists turned to Africa for slave laborers on the sugar and cotton plantations.

Tuesday, November 10, 2015