Alexandria was best known for
- the Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World;
- its Great Library (the largest in the ancient world; and
- the Necropolis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages.
Alexandria was at one time the second most powerful city of the ancient Mediterranean region, after Rome.
In 1998 a French archeologist, Franck Goddio found the remains of the ancient city and Cleopatra’s spectacular palace at the lost, sunken island of Antirhodos.
Why was Cleopatra’s palace submerged?
Scientists believe a few centuries after Cleopatra’s reign (1400 years ago) there was a terrible earthquake and a huge tsunami in Egypt, which hit the coast of Alexandria. It is this natural disaster, they believe, which resulted in the island of Antirhodos sinking with the, once great, royal harbor, palace and lighthouse.
- Alexandria (Wikipedia)
- Underwater Heritage in Alexandria: The Lost Palace of Cleopatra
- How Alexandria laid foundations for the modern world